Hand Painted Textiles

Dyes or mordants, or fixing agents, are painted with a brush on cotton cloth. Like individual drawings they have a human touch unlike blockprinting where the use of blocks makes the process more mechanical and restricted. Floor spreads, wall hangings, ceiling cloths, tents panels, temple hangings and canopies were crated either by handpainting, blockprinting or a combination of both at various centres all over India. In Masulipatnam and Srikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh this technique is called Kalamakari, form kalam, pen and kari, work. Figurative and floral motifs predominated and these large spreads, palampores, were in great demand all over the world. Sickinaikanpet in Tamila Nadu was another centre for ritual temple hangings, ceiling that hung above the deity. Vibrant colours, red, black, ochre and white, were applied in bold strokes on spreads that looked similar to appliqué.
Hand Painted
The pichvai or temple hangings, founded in the 16th century forms an important class of pigment painted cloths. Stylistic evidence and a knowledge of t6he areas of patronage indicate that most painted prichvais originated in Rajasthan, many in Gujarat and some in Deccan. Even today, there are painters in Rajasthan especially in Nathdwara, udaipur, jaipur and Bhilwara. The Pichvais with scenes from epic stories and flavors of different seasons, are hung in the inns shrine to capture the moods of different important festivals.
Pad of Rajasthan
In India there is a tradition of narrating legends with the visual aid of painted panels. Today, the epic legends of Pabuji and Dev Narayan, are painted on cloth panels, ten to twenty feet long four to six feet wide. They are carried from village to village and narrated by itinerant bards. Incidents from the epics are painted in continuous narratives around the central figure of the deity. The bhopa, narrator, sings to the accompaniment of dancers and musicians, and explains these paintings. The pads are traditionally painted by the josi chipas of Bhilwara, Chitorgarh, Shahpura, etc. Formerly the pads were painted on seasoned Khadi cloth with mineral and vegitable colours, a technique still known to some families. Traditionally, the old pads are immersed in the Pushkar lake, therefore there are very few pads, older than a century, that survive.
Patachitra of Orissa
In Orissa, replicas of shrines, or whole complexes of pilgrimage centre, were pigment-painted on seasoned boned clothes, and sold as souvenirs. The patachitras find their roots in this tradition. In addition to highly stylized paintings of the puri temple, religious themes of the incarnations of Visnu, scenes from the Ramayana, Mahabharata, the puranas, the legends of Krsna, various local deities, and scenes from festivals, are also painted. Paintings are created in an ornate and vital traditional Orissan style. The painters who belong to the Duta Mahapatra and Citrakara community live in puri, Bolangir, Sambalpur, and Ganjam Districts.
TamilNadu Temple Textile
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